Cultural Resources Services

Cultural Resource Management: Land Design/Building Consultation

We are a California Native American, Northern Chumash, tribal government focused on land investigations, use, and studies. Over 15,000 years of continually walking this land in San Luis Obispo County, we are the experts for any proposed project or study.

The Northern Chumash Tribal Council, Inc. (NCTC), offers complete Native American consultations, concerning any proposed building project, proposed project site investigations, proposed project design consultation, utilities and road placement consultation, Northern Chumash Indigenous permaculture land and creek restorations.

We are Indigenous biological consultants of plants, trees, animals, insects, water management. Proposed project permitting process consultations, letter of support for proposed projects that work with NCTC to make sure the cultural and environmental resources are protected. Support letters to agencies, Cities, County, Advisory Councils, CSD’s and Costal Commission.

NCTC offers on-site Indigenous construction training, providing hand-on and comprehensive training, chain of command polices, so that all are working together for smooth operations and no surprises during construction.


California Native American Northern Chumash (CNANC), Phase I inventory survey is conducted where the results of background research suggest that CNANC resources may be present in the project area. A pedestrian survey is conducted (sometimes in tandem with limited subsurface probes) to identify CNANC resources and the results of the survey are used to recommend further investigations or mitigation measures, if necessary. If a survey is negative, for impacts to spiritual and cultural resources, often no further cultural resources work is required. If a survey is positive, then further work, such as design consultation and engineering adjustments, and construction monitoring, may be required.

Often a Phase II of work follows a positive Phase I survey to pinpoint resources for their site research potential and historical significance. Testing provides the detailed information necessary to plan mitigation measures to protect a site and to assist applicant in their goals. Phase III data recovery is the last method that is used, and is often not necessary due to design adjustments, and avoidance of the resources

CNANC Monitoring

NCTC provides flexible CNANC monitoring services during construction to identify potentially significant finds. Our Native American staff monitors/consultants are experienced in working with construction crews, and are familiar with all state safety regulations.

Preparation & Review of Environmental Documents

NCTC staff can prepare cultural resource-related information for the most common types of environmental documents required under the California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA), Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA), the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA) as well as other statutes. This includes CEQA Environmental Impact Reports (EIR), Environmental Assessments and Environmental Impact Statements(EA/EIS), Section 106 technical reports, and compliance documentation necessary under federal, state, and local regulations.

National Register of Historic Places Significance Evaluations

NCTC is experienced in evaluating cultural resources as part of the Section 106 review and consultation process. Evaluation involves research, development of a historic context, and application of eligibility criteria to determine if a resource is eligible for listing on the National Register of Historic Places. Eligible resources,known as historic properties, must be taken into consideration when a project is undertaken, funded, or permitted by a federal agency. Mitigation measures will be required if impacts to historic properties cannot be avoided.

CNANC Mitigation & Consultation Support

Working under applicable federal, state, and local requirements, NCTC will design a detailed plan for mitigating adverse effects to significant cultural resources, and provide support for consultation with agencies and Native American tribes. If data recovery excavations are required, the plan will include a research design outlining how a specific site or group of sites will be investigated and the specific research questions to be addressed.

Archival Research, Records Searches & Oral History Documentation

Archival research includes thorough investigation of libraries, archives, and government data files to collect, summarize, and interpret historic records containing information relevant to a particular project area. Oral history involves finding and interviewing individuals who possess knowledge and experience that is relevant to a particular location or time period. NCTC has extensive experience in conducting oral histories and are recognized for providing high quality research services to our clients.

We welcome contact:

Tribal Administrator: Fred Collins
phone: (805) 801-0347
email: fcollins@northernchumash.org
Also send correspondence to:
Northern Chumash Tribal Council
P.O. Box 6533
Los Osos, CA 93412

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